featured Uncategorised

Michael William McDonald: Mi’kmaw people lived in permanent village settlements

Despite what we were told, Mi’kmaw people lived in permanent village settlements.

Every Mi’kmaw village had three types of structures

wikuom (wee- gwom) is a large lodge for 4 or more people.

apsi’kan (ab-see-gin) is a smaller shanty type hut or lodge for 1 to 4 people

wenji’kuom (win-jee-gwom) is a longhouse where community affairs took place such as ceremonies or council meetings. Another name for longhouse is Pi’jkan.

The picture depicts what a Mi’kmaw village looked like. This exact picture is a drawing of a Wulastuk village but our Mi’kmaw villages were laid out in the same way except Mi’kmaw long houses were more pointed.

I will add a picture of a recreated one true to the form built in Listuguj.

Also a drawing by Nicholas Denny of the inside of a Mi’kmaw longhouse.

In the Jesuit Relations Lescobot described the village Grand Chief Membertou lived in exactly like what is seen in the picture.

Nicholas Denny described a similar village at the mouth of the Richibucto River.

Michael William McDonald is a Mi’kmaw lawyer specializing in Aboriginal, fisheries, criminal and family law

Check out our new community calendar!

With a special thanks to our generous donors who make publication of the Nova Scotia Advocate possible.

Subscribe to the Nova Scotia Advocate weekly digest and never miss an article again. It’s free!


One Comment

Comments are closed.